Archive for January, 2013

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HideAlabama

Main article: Gun laws in Alabama
Subject/Law Long Guns Handguns Relevant Statutes Notes
Permit to purchase required? No No
Firearm registration? No No
Owner license required? No No
Carry permits issued? No Yes Alabama is a “may issue” state for concealed carry. Permits are generally issued to qualified applicants.
Open carry permitted? No Yes Open carry is generally permitted. Open carry in a vehicle without a concealed carry license is prohibited.
State preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes “The entire matter of handguns is reserved to the state legislature.”
“Assault weapon” law? No No
NFA weapons restricted? No No

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HideAlaska

Main article: Gun laws in Alaska
Subject/Law Long guns Handguns Relevant Statutes Notes
State Permit to Purchase? No No None No
Firearm registration? No No None No
“Assault weapon” law? No No None No
Owner license required? No No None No
Carry permits issued? No Yes AS 18.65.700 through 18.65.778 May carry concealed without permit, though permits can be issued for those who wish to have them.
Open Carry? Yes Yes May carry openly without permit/license.
State Preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes AS 29.35.145 Municipalities may enact and enforce local regulations only if they are identical to, and provide the same penalty as, State law.
NFA weapons restricted? No No None No
Peaceable Journey laws? No No None Federal rules observed.

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HideArizona

Main article: Gun laws in Arizona
Subject/Law Long guns Handguns Relevant Statutes Notes
State permit required to purchase? No No None No
Firearm registration required? No No ARS 13-3101 State law duplicates some of the registration requirements of weapons regulated by the federal National Firearms Act (NFA).
“Assault weapon” prohibition or restrictions? No No None No
Owner license required? No No None No
Concealed Carry Weapon (CCW) permits issued? Yes Yes ARS 13-3112
ARS 13-3102
In Arizona, a person over age 21 may legally carry a concealed firearm or deadly weapon without a permit within the state, except for certain prohibited locations, and must disclose the fact to a law enforcement officer if questioned. Although no longer required, a CCW permit may still be obtained and has certain advantages, including reciprocity with many other states having CCW laws.
Open carry allowed? Yes Yes May carry openly without permit/license.
State preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes ARS 13-3108
NFA weapons restricted? No No ARS 13-3101 Arizona law does not prohibit either possession or use of any weapons legally registered as NFA weapons under federal law.
Peaceable journey laws? No No None Federal rules observed.

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HideArkansas

Main article: Gun laws in Arkansas
Subject/Law Long guns Handguns Relevant Statutes Notes
State Permit to Purchase? No No None No
Firearm registration? No No None No
“Assault weapon” law? No No None No
Owner license required? No No None No
Carry permits issued? No Yes 5-73-301 – 5-73-320 Concealed carry requires a permit. Handgun open carry is not permitted.
Open Carry? Yes No
State Preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes 5-73-120
NFA weapons restricted? N/A N/A 5-73-120
Peaceable Journey laws?  ? Yes 5-73-120 (c)(4) [Weapons are allowed if] The person is carrying a weapon when upon a journey, unless the journey is through a commercial airport when presenting at the security checkpoint in the airport or is in the person’s checked baggage and is not a lawfully declared weapon;

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HideCalifornia

Subject/Law Long guns Handguns Relevant Statutes Notes
State Permit to Purchase? No Partial* §26500, §12071, §12082 All firearm sales (except long guns more than 50 years old) must be completed through a dealer. *Handgun purchases require a Handgun Safety Certificate and proof of residency.
Firearm registration? No Yes §12025 and §12031 All handgun serial numbers and sales are recorded by the state (registered) in the Department of Justice’s Automated Firearms System. Long arm serial numbers are not recorded, only the sale. While there is no requirement for California residents to register previously owned handguns or firearms with law enforcement, §12025 and §12031 enhance several misdemeanor offenses to felonies if the handgun is not on file in the Department of Justice’s Automated Firearms System. California §12025 states that handguns must be transported unloaded and in a locked box other than the glove compartment or utility box in a motor vehicle. New residents must register handguns (purchased outside of California) with DOJ within 60 days.
Owner license required? No No None
“Assault weapon” law? Yes Yes §12280, §12285 Illegal to possess, import, or purchase assault weapons and .50 BMG rifles, unless such weapons were acquired by the owner prior to June 1, 1989. Legally defined assault weapons and .50 BMG rifles listed by make and model by the DOJ must be registered. Their sale and transfer is prohibited. Military look-alike rifles that are not chambered for .50 BMG and are not on the DOJ roster are legal to purchase or possess, with some restrictions in configuration—known as “banned features.” Active-duty military members residing out of state and assigned to duty in California may bring personally-owned assault weapons into the state. The military member’s residence must be in a state that permits private citizens to own and possess assault weapons, and the firearms must be registered with the California Department of Justice prior to the servicemember’s arrival in California by submitting the registration form with a copy of the member’s Permanent Change of Station (PCS) orders.
Carry permits issued? Yes Yes §12050 May issue, depending on jurisdiction. County sheriff’s or local Police Chief’s discretion, many counties are de facto “no-issue,” while others are “shall-issue” in practice. CCW permits valid statewide. Out-of-state permits not valid in California.
Open Carry? No No §26350
State Preemption of local restrictions? Yes Yes §53701 GC Most but not all local restrictions preempted.
NFA weapons restricted? Yes Yes §12220, §12020 Possession of automatic weapons or short-barreled shotguns or rifles prohibited without DOJ “Dangerous Weapons Permit”; permission rarely granted outside of film industry. Suppressors (aka silencers) prohibited. AOW’s (Any Other Weapons) permitted, except for “pen guns.”
Peaceable Journey laws? No No None

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